Çatalhöyük, which is connected to the Çumra district of Konya and is 10 km away from the center, is a Neolithic ancient city that was a settlement dating back 9000 years. Carrying important traces of the development, settlement and social change of humanity, Çatalhöyük is one of the most important cultural heritages not only of Konya but also of Turkey.
It is estimated that the name Konya comes from the word "ikon". According to legend, a monument is built to express gratitude to the person who killed the monster that haunts the city, and this monument is called "Ikonion" and this name changes over time as "Iconion". During the Roman period, the Hittites dominated Konya, and then the Phrygians, Lydians, Persians and Alexander the Great continued their existence here. The city of Konya was called by different names such as Claudiconium, Colonia Selie, Augusta Iconium by the emperors during the Roman period. In Byzantine sources, the name of the city is mentioned as Tokonion. Other names given to Konya over time can be listed as Ycconium, Conium, Stancona, Conia, Cogne, Cogna, Conien, Konia. After the Arab domination, the name of the city was changed to Kuniya.In the Seljuk and Ottoman periods, this name has survived to the present day as Konya.
Konya, one of the important cities of the Roman and Byzantine Periods, was considered an important religious center in the first years of Christianity. After the Battle of Manzikert in 1071, the Oghuz tribes, together with Konya, dominated Anatolia to a large extent, and the Anatolian Seljuk State was established in 1074. Although Iznik was the first capital of the state, when Iznik was lost during the First Crusade, Konya was chosen as the capital of the Anatolian Seljuk State. In this period, Konya was adorned with the architectural works of the Anatolian Seljuks and gained the distinction of being the most developed and largest city of Anatolia. During the reign of Alaeddin Keykubat I, a magnificent wall was built in the city and many mosques were started to be built in the city.
Having lived its golden age in terms of both cultural and artistic aspects during the Anatolian Seljuk Period, Konya was the birthplace of poets, Sufis, thinkers and Islamic scholars. Valuable names such as Bahaeddin Veled, Kadı Burhaneddin, Muhiddin Arabi, Nasreddin Hodja, especially Mevlana Celaleddin Rumi, lived in Konya and added value to the city with their works.
After the collapse of the Anatolian Seljuk State, the Karamanoğulları Principality began to dominate the city for a short time and came back and forth between Osmanoğulları 16 times. In 1467, Sultan II. Mehmed Karamanoğulları put an end to the principality and took Konya permanently under the rule of the Ottoman Empire. In this period, the state of Karaman was established and its center was chosen as Konya.
During the years of the National Struggle, Konya, like other Central Anatolian cities, took on the task of logistics region meeting the needs of the army. At the same time, the treatment and care of the soldiers injured in the war were also carried out in Konya. Although it was occupied by the Italians for a short period after the Armistice of Mudros, it was completely liberated on 20 March 1920.
Considered one of the most important trade centers on the Silk Road, Konya; It hosts thousands of local and foreign tourists every year with its historical inns, baths, madrasahs, mosques, tombs and museums. The Mevlana Lodge and Museum in Konya, which is kneaded with the philosophy of the thinker Mevlana Celaleddin Rumi, based on tolerance and human love, adds a special importance to the city.
Konya, which is one of our developed cities in terms of economy and industry, is known as the wheat warehouse of Turkey. Konya lands are one of the most suitable areas for agriculture in the country. Most of the population lives on agriculture and animal husbandry. In addition to wheat, sugar beet, sunflower, potato, onion and poppy production are common. Apple, pear, cherry and sour cherry are among the most grown fruits. Ranking first in Turkey in the production of legumes such as chickpeas, beans and lentils, Konya is our city where modern agricultural tools are used the most. Rich bauxite deposits are located in Seydişehir in the city, which is also developed in mining. Mercury, lignite and magnesite are among other important mines in Konya. machinery, chemistry, textiles,Making a name for itself with the automotive and food industry, Konya makes a great contribution to the country's economy by exporting to approximately 130 countries. Konya has 50 sister cities. Some of these are Verona, Sarajevo, Kyoto, Hanover, Tabriz, Pristina and Mecca.
Festivals in Konya
- » International Akşehir Nasreddin Hodja Festival (July)
- » Yörük Turkmen Culture Festival (July)
- » White Cherry Festival (July)
- » Tashkent Tourism and Cherry Festival (August)
- » Konya International Mystical Music Festival (September)
- » Vuslat Anniversary International Commemoration Ceremonies (December)
Places to Visit in Konya
Mevlana Museum : Mevlana Museum, which opened its doors in 1926, is where the tomb of Mevlana Celaleddin Rumi, one of the important figures of our history, is located. The fountain, mosque and semahane in the tomb were built during the Ottoman period. The building, which is influenced by the architecture of the Seljuk period, is one of the visit stops of local and foreign tourists throughout the year.
Selimiye Mosque : Konya Selimiye Mosque, which is thought to be the work of Mimar Sinan, was built by the prince Selim. The mosque, which draws attention with its cut stone work and two single-honored minarets, is one of the rare structures that has managed to maintain its solidity until today. It is possible to reach the mosque, which is located in the city center, by public transport.
Sille Village : whose history dates back to the Great Seljuk Empire, invites you to a unique journey with its 6000-year history. The settlement, which is an old Greek village, is also home to the oldest monastery in the world, the Ak Monastery. You can spend a full day in the village, where there are many historical monuments from the Roman and Byzantine periods, and you can spend pleasant hours and follow the cultural heritage of the village.
Alaaddin Hill : The hill, which was created by Sultan Alaaddin by asking the people for land instead of taxes, is in the most central place of the city and the Keykubat Mosque is located on it. The perimeter of the hill is considered to be the world's largest roundabout. Tepe was used as a settlement in Roman, Byzantine and Seljuk times.
Stone Works Museum of Fine Minaret : Stone Works Museum of Fine Minaret, built in 1264, is shown as one of the most beautiful examples of Seljuk stonework. The madrasa, which was repaired in 1936, was opened to service as the Museum of Stone and Wood Works in 1956. It is possible to see many original stone and wooden pieces from ancient times in the museum.
Ataturk House Museum : The building, which was gifted to Atatürk by the people of Konya in 1928, welcomes its visitors as a museum today. In the museum, where you can examine many objects from Atatürk's personal belongings to important documents of the period, you can also see the diary Atatürk wrote in this house.
Meram Vineyards : Meram Vineyards, located near Konya, is one of the escape points of the city residents with its stream, recreation area and clean air. Restaurants and cafes in the green area are full, especially in summer. The region is also frequented by foreign tourists.
Kilistra Ancient Stone City : Kilistra Ancient Stone City in the village of Gökyurt, 34 km from Konya, is called a unique ancient city with its houses carved into the rocks, historical ruins and places of worship. The area, which also hosts rock tombs from the Phrygian period, is still under investigation by archaeologists.
Tomb of Nasreddin Hodja : Tomb ofNasreddin Hodja, located in Akşehir district, draws attention with its 12-cornered roof in the shape of a cone. The building, which symbolizes the life of the master of humor, Nasreddin Hodja, has managed to survive until today thanks to the renovation works.
Lake Beyşehir National Park : The national park, which hosts the Beyşehir Lake, Turkey's third largest lake, consists of a total of 33 islands. The green area, which is a favorite of nature lovers, welcomes its visitors with its rich flora and vegetation. It is possible to take impressive landscape photos in the park.